Sterilization is defined as the process where all the living microorganisms and other biological agents such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, spore forms, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc are killed. Disinfection is the process of elimination of most pathogenic microorganisms (excluding bacterial spores) on inanimate objects. Microwave based solution is one of Environmental sustainability, Efficient and safest physical method, the key principal works behind is the exploitation of heat effects of electromagnetic energy for eradicating all microorganisms by attaining their Lethal Temperatures. This all achieved from the property of microwave that heat effects deriving from the interaction between electromagnetic energy and polar molecules, it is possible to achieve lethality of pests by overheating immediately when temperature achieves their Lethal Temperature. Microwave System is one of the most popular physical method that can be used to disinfest all products of vegetable origin Ainfested by pests such as Cereals (rice included), Seeds like pine-nuts, Legumes(beans, chickpeas, lentils), and Dry fruits(dates, currants). Major causes of loss of the agro food are Post Harvest phase and in Storage, Biological Infestations which begin on field (significantly depreciate a lot of products in a very short time). The decreasing cultivatable land and increasing demand of food due to ever increasing population has resulted that food safety should be taken at most priority. Conventional Disinfestations Methods such as Conditioning of Silos and Warehouses, Fumigation, Controlled Atmosphere and Extreme Temperatures having some limitation such as High costs and long treatment times, Handling of dangerous chemicals, Persistence in food of toxic residues and Pollution. Microwave based system are very advantageous over these systems due to its speed (shorter response time), Ease of handling (No chemical processing involved), also it does not produce polluting gases or toxic residuals. We at KERONE are now in strategic collaboration with Emitech, Italy for technical know-how in the field of sterilization and disinfestations using microwave technology.